In 1962 Nick Holonyak, Jr. from the General Electric Company in America developed first visible red LED. The discovery of blue LED lights led to a more effective way to produce white LED lights, but at first, they were very expensive and not commercially viable.
In 2008 a Christmas tree in Finland was lit up by 720 bulbs and in 2010 many businesses switched to LED lighting as it was more cost effective and caused fewer energy bills.
Benefits of LED lighting
LED lights are not just used in houses and offices but also used to decorate gardens and rooms. Small LED lights are used on plants for an attractive look.
They are an essential part of our life. Most of the people shop for led lighting as they are cheaper and use less energy. It has become a vital component in our grocery.
Types of LED lighting
In the recent past, there were very limited LED lights with few designs, but as time passed and technology got advanced, and now there are many types of LED lights that can be used. Few are discussed below:
1. LED Kits
LED kits are 100% plug and play and do not require any modification for installation. They are an upgrade from stock halogen bulbs. Led kits produce between 4000 to 8000 lumens while using less wattage from your car.
The life expectancy of LED kits is 50,000 hours and far exceeds that of halogen bulbs making LED kits great upgrade for any car or truck.
2. LED Strips
It is a flexible circuit board populated with LEDs that you can stick almost anywhere you want to add powerful lighting in a variety of colors and brightness.
You can even cut the strip every few inches, allowing you to freely design your project without worrying about space requirements.
3. COB LED
The COB LED stands for chips onboard light emitting diode and is a new technology for LED packing for an LED light engine.
When more than LED chips are packed together as one module and lit up, it looks like a lighting panel. It has an advantage for saving energy and has a very long lifespan.
4. Graphene Light
Graphene is an excellent conductor. It is made of a single layer of carbon atoms. It is one million times thinner than a hair and two hundred times stronger than steel.
Two professors of Manchester University, Professor Andre Geim and Professor Konstantin ‘Kostya’ Novoseloc, were awarded Nobel Prize for the discovery of Graphene.
Graphene has been already used in lights bulbs, and the first generation of Graphene LED lighting is already available. The bulbs are essentially standard LED lighting with an additional coating of Graphene.
Graphene helps dissipate energy, making it 10% more sufficient than the standard LED lighting. With this same brightness can be achieved with even lower wattage.
5. Miniature LED
LED miniature light bulbs provide a direct replacement for incandescent and halogen light bulbs.
Usually a variety of base types, LEDs are available or automotive, railroad, medical, scientific instrument, landscape, and industrial applications.
It is compatible for use in different circuit boards. They come very handy and in ‘ready to fit’ mode.
6. SMD LED
SMD LED is a surface mounted LED lighting fixture. It is a light fixture that is installed on the surface of some kind of electronic components such as motherboard, circuit board, or some other surface.
They are commonly used as indicator lights in computers, and as backlights in laptops and smartphones, and as push lights in keyboards or keypads. They are less used by the general public as they are often utilized in product manufacturing.
7. LED Reflector Bulbs
LED reflector bulbs are different from conventional LED because they reflect light in a certain direction. The reflecting bulb can either be spotlights or floodlights.
For many years, people have used the incandescent bulb for their lighting needs, but now they are replaced by LED reflectors which are just as efficient.
8. LED tubes
LED tubes are designed to replace fluorescent tubes. They are commonly used in offices. They require less maintenance and burn out less frequently with up to 100,000 lifetime hours.
They work best in areas where the climate is controlled with standard ceiling heights, mechanic garages, fabricating floor, including storage areas therefore when you shop led lighting these are a must.
9. LED Spot
LED spotlights direct light where you want it and have great control over your lighting. It is mostly used in gardens or when you want to focus on something such as during stage performances.
10. LED Candle Bulbs
LED candle bulbs provide an energy efficient alternative to incandescent candle bulbs. It is designed to mimic a real candle. People who like to decorate more love led lighting like candle LED.
11. LED Corn Bulb
A Corn LED is an assembly of LEDs on a metal structure. They are called corn lamps because the yellow LEDs resemble corn kernels on a corn cob.
12. LED Globe Bulbs
Globe-shaped light bulbs often work like fixtures. Once screwed into a socket, the globe becomes a decorative element. The number following ‘G’ indicated the diameter of the globe.
It is best for those people who do not like the LED candle bulb. It is useful for chandeliers, bathroom strip lighting, lanterns and for ceiling fans.
LED globe bulb is dimmable and helps to reduce the consumption of electricity. A G25 bulb has 3.12 diameters.
With so many types, you must buy led lighting to decorate your house in different ways through different colors. You can easily stand different.